Why do I have to take special care of my feet if I have diabetes?

It is very important that people with diabetes give their feet very special care.  A small problem in a healthy person could become a severe one to a person with diabetes.  Diabetes can affect the feet in a number of different ways.  The first is infection, which is one of the most common complications of diabetes and the foot.  Because diabetes can reduce the immune response, a patient with diabetes’ ability to fight infection is decreased.  Early treatment of infection is a critical component to success.  If neglected, infection of the foot can lead to ulceration, bone infection, and ultimately amputation.  If you have diabetes, you should inspect your feet every day.  Look for puncture wounds, bruises, pressure areas, warmth, redness, blisters, ulcers, scratches, cuts, and nail problems.  Get someone to help you or use a mirror.  Diabetic foot care can be very complicated and good podiatric care is an essential component of managing diabetes.