Turf Toe

Turf toe is a sprained joint in the big toe due to excessive upward bending. It is usually a sports injury that occurs as a result of jamming the toe suddenly or pushing off repetitively while running or jumping. Athletes who play sports on turf surfaces, such as football and soccer, are prone to turf […]

Subungal Exotosis

Subungal exotosis is a bony projection, or bone spur, that forms underneath the big toenail. It usually occurs on the big toe as a result of injury or trauma such as crushing the toe. Subungal extoses are painful because the affected area on the outside of the big toe is subjected to pressure from walking […]

In-Toeing and Out-Toeing

In-toeing is when the feet turn inward instead of pointing straight ahead when walking or running. Out-toeing is when the feet point outward instead of straight ahead when walking or running. The conditions are generally painless. Concerns from mispositioning of the feet when walking are an unsteady gait that can lead to tripping, stumbling, and […]

General Toe Deformities

Toe deformities such as hammertoes, claw toes, mallet toes, and overlapping and underlapping toes can be congenital, inherited, or develop over time as a result of an injury, recurring pressure, or degenerative disease. Deformities to toe joints can cause pain and impaired function. Individuals with foot and toe structure abnormalities, such as long toes and […]

Overlapping and Underlapping Toes

Overlapping and underlapping toes occur when toes are out of position. The conditions can be congenital due to inheritance or the fetus’s in-utero position, or they can develop over time from ill-fitting footwear that constricts or pressures the toes, keeping them bunched rather than flat. It can also stem from a bunion. An overlapping toe […]